India Through the Eyes of Ellen Churchill Semple



Ikka, Jaipur


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An Ikka (also known as ekka) is a cart with one or two seats found in Northern India and were commonly used as cabs or as private hire vehicles in 19th century India. An Ikka can be drawn by a single horse, pony, mule (and sometimes bullock) and had a pair of large wooden wheels and traditionally, a wooden axle. Not a very comfortable conveyance, Ikkas had a flat floor and passengers were required to sit on their haunches to absorb the jolts of the spring-less cart. A canopy provided shade and bells warned people to stay out of the way. A space below the carriage and in between the wheels provided space for luggage.

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Special Collections Research Center, University of Kentucky Libraries

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