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"She was one of the world's four best comediennes," said Milton Berle, "but she lived a life of personal disaster." Martha Raye sang, danced, and joked her way into the spotlight of the entertainment world with a career that spanned seven decades and encompassed everything from vaudeville to television commercials to entertaining U.S. troops.
Take It from the Big Mouth, the first full-fledged biography of the multi-talented performer, explores Raye's life and career with candor and insight. Raye got her big break when she caught the attention of a film director as she kidded with audience members Joe E. Lewis and Jimmy Durante during an engagement at the Trocadero in Hollywood. In the late 1930s, Raye appeared in a number of films, and the press heralded her as a "stridently funny comedienne with a Mammoth Cave mouth." From there her career soared. She landed a role in Charlie Chaplain's film Monsieur Verdoux, and the New York Post commented that Raye was the only one who could hold her own with the comic master. By the 1950s she hosted her own highly rated television show, reaching millions with her clowning.
Behind the huge smile and raucous laugh, though, there was a darker side to Martha Raye. She found solace from her insecurities and a frenzied schedule in the use of drugs and alcohol. Her seven rocky marriages, the last to a man 33 years her junior whom she had known less than two weeks, fueled headlines and gossip columns. Particularly painful was her turbulent relationship with her only daughter, Melodye.
She was passionately committed to entertaining troops abroad during World War II, and she worked tirelessly as both entertainer and nurse in the remote jungles of Vietnam. Bob Hope commented that "she was Florence Nightingale, Dear Abby, and the only singer who could be heard over the artillery fire." The Green Berets designated her an honorary lieutenant colonel, and she later received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. After her death in 1994, "Colonel Maggie" became the only civilian laid to rest among the Green Berets at the Fort Bragg military cemetery.
Freelance writer Jean Maddern Pitrone is the author of other biographies, including The Dodges: The Auto Family Fortune and Misfortune.
"This plucky story of a plucky gal is essentially a classic Hollywood tearjerker. . . . Pitrone tells her story with brio in a captivating star bio."—Booklist
"An engrossing read, a true Hollywood tragedy."—Detroit Free Press
"If a successful showbiz biography is one that generates interest in the subject's work, then this book is a success. Readers will be anxious to visit their local video stores."—Library Journal
"Reads like a Jacqueline Susann novel, complete with pills, booze, blackouts and brawls."—New York Times Book Review
"Provides a saucy sketch of Raye's roller-coaster life."—Publishers Weekly
"Shocking new book."—The Globe
"Stunning new book."—The Star
The University Press of Kentucky
Place of Publication
Martha Raye, American entertainers
Film and Media Studies
Pitrone, Jean Maddern, "Take It from the Big Mouth: The Life of Martha Raye" (1999). Film and Media Studies. 10.