We describe preparation and use of the quaternary ammonium-based α-iodoacetamide QDE and its isotopologue *QDE as reagents for chemoselective derivatization of cellular thiols. Direct addition of the reagents to live cells followed by adduct extraction into n-butanol and analysis by FT-ICR-MS provided a registry of matched isotope peaks from which molecular formulae of thiol metabolites were derived. Acidification to pH 4 during cell lysis and adduct formation further improves the chemoselectivity for thiol derivatization. Examination of A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells using this approach revealed cysteine, cysteinylglycine, glutathione, and homocysteine as principal thiol metabolites as well as the sulfinic acid hypotaurine. The method is also readily applied to quantify the thiol metabolites, as demonstrated here by the quantification of both glutathione and glutathione disulfide in A549 cells at concentrations of 34.4 ± 11.5 and 10.1 ± 4.0 nmol/mg protein, respectively.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
This work was supported by grants from NIH (1 R01 ES022191-01, 3R01CA118434-02S1, and 1R01CA118434-01A2). The FT-ICR-MS instrumentation at the Center for Regulatory and Environmental Analytical Metabolomics mass spectrometry facility was funded by an NSF/EPSCoR grant (EPS-0447479).
Gori, Sadakatali S.; Lorkiewicz, Pawel; Ehringer, Daniel S.; Belshoff, Alex C.; Higashi, Richard M.; Fan, Teresa W-M; and Nantz, Michael H., "Profiling Thiol Metabolites and Quantification of Cellular Glutathione Using FT-ICR-MS Spectrometry" (2014). Toxicology and Cancer Biology Faculty Publications. 44.