Year of Publication

2018

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

College

Medicine

Department

Toxicology and Cancer Biology

First Advisor

Dr. Vivek M. Rangnekar

Abstract

Prostate Apoptosis Response-4 (Par-4) is a conserved and ubiquitous tumor-suppressor factor which can selectively induce apoptosis in tumor cells, while leaving normal cells unaffected. While Par-4 is well established as a tumor-suppressor, there have yet been no formal investigations as to whether it has a physiologic role in normal tissues.

Early observations of Par-4 knockout mouse lines yielded that the adult mice displayed significant weight gain and fat accumulation compared to their wild-type counterparts while on a conventional chow diet. Interestingly, obese mouse and human subjects were found to exhibit reduced expression of Par-4 in adipose tissue as well as lower levels of secreted Par-4 in their plasma, compared to samples collected from lean human subjects.

Subsequent in vitro experiments would show that loss of Par-4 has significant impact upon adipogenesis. Mechanistically, Par-4 loss during adipogenesis in cell culture correlated inversely with expression of the adipogenic transcription factor PPARγ. Subsequent experiments would demonstrate that Par-4 transcriptionally represses PPARγ at the promoter level.

Thereby, we conclude that Par-4 regulates adipogenesis and lipid accumulation through transcriptional repression of the PPARγ promoter. This research utilizes novel models and may be used as the basis for Par-4-mediated therapies for obesity and metabolic disease.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.13023/ETD.2018.209

Available for download on Sunday, May 24, 2020

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