B lymphocytes from the pulmonary lymphoid tissues were stimulated with a variety of thymus-independent (TI) antigens by intratracheal (i.t.) immunization. Immune responses in the lungs and hilar lymph nodes (HLN), which are part of the localized lymphoid tissue, as well as in the spleen, the systemic lymphoid organ, were studied. Thus, primary i.t. immunization of mice with the TI-1 antigen trinitrophenyl-lipopolysaccharide (TNP-LPS) elicited both antigen-specific and polyclonal plaque-forming cell responses from HLN, lung, and splenic B lymphocytes. These responses appeared as early as 3 days after immunization and declined by day 7. Similar immunization with another TI-1 antigen, TNP-Brucella abortus, resulted in anti-TNP responses in both pulmonary and systemic lymphoid tissues, although the kinetics of the antibody response were different than those to TNP-LPS. Interestingly an i.t. immunization with a TI-2 antigen, TNP-Ficoll, failed to induce an anti-TNP PFC response from HLN and lung B cells, although there was good antibody formation from splenic B cells. Antibody response to TNP-Ficoll was restored in pulmonary tissues when mice were immunized with TNP-Ficoll mixed with unconjugated B. abortus. In conclusion, our results indicate that TI-1 and TI-2 antigens differ in their ability to induce antibody responses in the pulmonary lymphoid tissues. The inability of TNP-Ficoll to elicit an antibody response in pulmonary lymphoid tissues has significance in the development of vaccines containing bacterial polysaccharides.

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Published in Infection and Immunity, v. 58, no. 7, p. 2035-2041.

Copyright © 1990, American Society for Microbiology

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Funding Information

This investigation was supported by funds from the University of Kentucky Tobacco and Health Research Institute, Public Health Service grants AI 21490 from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and AG 05731 from the National Institute on Aging, and Career Research Development Award K04 AG00422 from the National Institutes of Health to B.S.