Significant variability exists in physical therapy early mobilization practice. The frequency of physical therapy or early mobilization of patients in the cardiothoracic intensive care unit and its effect on length of stay has not been investigated. The goal of our research was to examine variables that influence physical therapy evaluation and treatment in the intensive care unit using a retrospective chart review. Patients (n = 2568) were categorized and compared based on the most common diagnoses or surgical procedures. Multivariate semi-logarithmic regression analyses were used to determine correlations. Differences among patient subgroups for all independent variables other than age and for length of stay were found. The regression model determined that time to first physical therapy evaluation, Charlson Comorbidity Index score, mean days of physical therapy treatment and mechanical ventilation were associated with increased hospital length of stay. Time to first physical therapy evaluation in the intensive care unit and the hospital, and mean days of physical therapy treatment associated with hospital length of stay. Further prospective study is required to determine whether shortening time to physical therapy evaluation and treatment in a cardiothoracic intensive care unit could influence length of stay.
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The project described was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, through grant number UL1TR000117. This funding supported the data collection and assistance with data analysis during the study.
Data availability: The datasets generated and analyzed during the current study are not publicly available due to restrictions from the healthcare system under study but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
Johnson, Audrey M.; Henning, Angela N.; Morris, Peter E.; Villasante Tezanos, Alejandro G.; and Dupont-Versteegden, Esther E., "Timing and Amount of Physical Therapy Treatment are Associated with Length of Stay in the Cardiothoracic ICU" (2017). Rehabilitation Sciences Faculty Publications. 83.