Problem Formulation

  • The move toward renewable energy sources has led to an increase in the penetration of inverter-based resources onto the transmission system
  • Most literature discusses two types of models of IBRs, time-average models, which do not capture high-frequency switching effects, and detailed switching models, which are computationally expensive
  • The IEEE 12-Bus test system was modified in PSCADTM/EMTDCTM to include a 100 MW PV facility and 100 MW battery energy storage system (BESS) connected at bus 2
  • The PV facility and BESS are modelled using a proposed dynamic inverter-based resource module
  • A demonstration of the module was performed using two transient case studies showing the behavior of the BESS during real and reactive power support of the grid

Document Type


Publication Date


Notes/Citation Information

A virtual poster presentation at the 2021 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting.

Funding Information 

The support of Louisville Gas and Electric and Kentucky Utilities, part of the PPL Corporation family of companies, and of University of Kentucky, the L. Stanley Pigman endowment is gratefully acknowledged.