This article systematically compares two axial flux permanent magnet machines designed for a university student racing car application: a double-rotor single-stator yokeless and segmented armature (YASA) structure, and a single-stator single-rotor configuration. Both machines are optimized for minimum loss and active weight using three-dimensional finite element analysis and the highest performing candidate designs are compared in more detail. The studies indicate that the benefits offered by the YASA configuration over the single-stator single-rotor machine are achieved only for specific designs that are heavier. For the design space with lower mass, albeit with increased losses, the Pareto front designs overlap. In this envelope, the YASA configuration demonstrates higher efficiencies at higher speeds, whilst the single-stator single-rotor is more efficient in high torque duty cycles. This shows the performance of the two machines is very similar and the choice is application specific. To validate the finite element analysis used in the optimization, a prototype was built and tested. Results showed good alignment between simulation and experimental data.

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Published in IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, v. 58, issue 1.

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The document available for download is the authors’ manuscript version accepted for publication. The final published version is copyrighted by IEEE and will be available as: N. Taran, D. Klink, G. Heins, V. Rallabandi, D. Patterson and D. M.
Ionel, “A Comparative Study of Yokeless and Segmented Armature versus Single Sided Axial Flux PM Machine Topologies for Electric Traction,” in IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 325-335, Jan.-Feb. 2022, doi: 10.1109/TIA.2021.3131427.

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The support of Regal Beloit Corporation, ANSYS Inc., University of Kentucky, the L. Stanley Pigman endowment and the SPARK program is gratefully acknowledged.