We provide a systematic review of suicide among adolescents with physical disabilities, intellectual disability and learning disability. A search was performed of English articles published prior to December 2014 in the PubMed database for studies examining suicide, suicidal behavior and suicidal ideation among adolescents with and without varied disabilities. Nine studies were retrieved, of which two studies examined adolescent populations with physical disabilities, three looked at suicide in adolescents with intellectual disability and four studies examined adolescents with learning disabilities. There were consistent results to prove that these adolescents with special needs had an increased tendency to commit suicide and had expressed increased suicidal ideation Conclusions: An increased risk of suicide among adolescents with physical disabilities, intellectual disability and learning disability relative to those without suggests the need for innovative diagnostic and prevention strategies for this population. Future research which determine factors associated with suicide among adolescents with different disabilities are essential to reduce the disproportionate suicide risk in this population.
Nagraj, Divya and Omar, Hatim A., "Disability and Suicide" (2015). Pediatrics Faculty Publications. 229.