Year of Publication

2012

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Medicine

Department

Nutritional Sciences

First Advisor

Dr. Lisa Cassis

Abstract

Previous studies demonstrated that coplanar PCBs promote inflammation by release of pro-inflammatory cytokines like TNF, MCP-1, and VCAM-1 from endothelial cells as well as adipocytes. Also these PCBs at small doses may contribute to the development of obesity by inducing adipocyte differentiation. Obesity is a known risk factor that promotes cardiovascular disorders like atherosclerosis and AAAs. Evidence shows Ang II, a component of the RAS, leads to the formation of atherosclerosis and AAAs in both normal as well as hyperlipidemic mice. Earlier studies in our laboratory have also shown that coplanar PCB-77 promotes atherosclerotic lesion formation in ApoE-/- mice. The purpose of this study was to define the effects of PCB77 on Ang II induced vascular diseases like atherosclerosis and AAAs. Two different hyperlipidemic mouse models, which require different diets to get atherosclerosis, the ApoE deficient mice (ApoE-/-) requiring the normal mouse diet (Chow diet) and the Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor deficient mice (LDLr-/-) requiring the Western diet, were used for this study as both are susceptible to Ang II induced vascular disorders. The timing of PCB administration was also studied in LDLr-/- mice to see the profound effects of PCB77 on atherosclerosis and AAAs.

Share

COinS