- Nicotine dependence (ND) : “the smoking behavior accompanied by a reluctance to quit (Khurana, Batra, Patkar, & Leone, 2003).
- The US Public Health Service Clinical Practice Guideline ‘Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence’: A chronic condition that often requires repeated interventions (Office of the Surgeon General, 2000).
- Secondhand Smoke (SHS) is a potential source of exposure to high levels of nicotine. (Dimich-Ward, Gee, Brauer, Leung,1997)
- No current studies addressing the contribution of SHS to Nicotine Dependence (ND) or smoking behaviors
Okoli, Chizimuzo T.C.; Hahn, Ellen J.; Browning, Steven R.; and Rayens, Mary Kay, "Exposure to Secondhand Smoke and Nicotine Dependence" (2005). Nursing Presentations. 28.