Year of Publication



Martin School of Public Policy and Administration

Date Available


Degree Name

Master of Public Administration

Committee Chair

Dr. Ron Zimmer

Executive Summary

During daylight savings in Kentucky, elementary students in the Eastern Time Zone receive around an hour less of sunlight than students in the Central Time Zone when attending school in the morning. With recent discussion of making daylight savings permanent, it's important to discuss the effects that going to school in the dark has on students' test scores. Research has been done to study the effects that operating on less amounts of sunlight has on school aged children. This study seeks to do the same, by comparing test scores of 3rd grade students on the Central and Eastern Time Zones in Kentucky, to see if students on the Eastern Time Zone test scores varied from students in the Central. Findings indicated that there is no adverse relationship between less sunlight and the test scores of 3rd grade students. In fact, I found that there is a marginal statistical positive relationship between darker mornings and academic performance in math, which is not consistent with expectations.



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