Year of Publication



Martin School of Public Policy and Administration

Date Available


Degree Name

Master of Public Policy

Committee Chair

Dr. JS Butler

Executive Summary

Veteran unemployment rates are often understated in reports due to the generalization of the individuals that make up the veteran population. While veterans overall suffer a larger penalty than non-veterans in the civilian labor market, different demographics of veterans deal with diverse consequences of service. Specifically looking at Gulf War Era-II veterans compared with their similarly aged civilian peers, two linear regressions are used with main effects and differential effects to show the different probabilities of unemployment for distinct groups. Veterans’ probability of unemployment is 0.66 percent higher than their non-veteran peers. However, I find that Black veterans have a 1.86 percent lower probability of unemployment and American Indian/Aleut/Eskimo veterans have a 3.03 percent lower probability of unemployment than their respective non-veteran peers. Policies and benefits should be examined to determine the efficiency and efficacy of reintegrating veterans into the civilian labor market after service separation.