Year of Publication



Martin School of Public Policy and Administration

Degree Name

Master of Public Administration

Committee Chair

Dr. Rhonda Trautman

Executive Summary

Public school funding formulas vary broadly between states in both the levels of funding and the mechanisms through which funding is distributed. Most states provide targeted funding for student populations that need supplemental resources, including low-income and limited English proficiency student populations, as does the Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). In the past, a lack of school level enrollment and financial data made it difficult to determine whether funding provided to local education agencies has been equitably distributed to the schools with whom they are affiliated. The 2015 Federal Every Student Succeeds Act requires that school-level enrollment and financial information be publicly available, providing an opportunity to assess the relationship between student enrollment and local, state, and Federal spending.