A Study on the Determinants of Childbirth in Primary Local Government Districts in South Korean ‘Do’ Metro Provinces
Year of Publication
Martin School of Public Policy and Administration
Dr. J. S. Butler
Korea is experiencing a very serious low fertility rate. As of 2017, Korea has a fertility rate of 1.05, which is the lowest among the G20 countries. The low fertility rate can lead to pension burden problems and economic recession problems. In particular, the Primary Local Government Districts ((PLGDs) in "Do" Metro provinces in Korea may have a problem of a decrease in the agricultural population, and the reduction of organizational and administrative functions due to the reduction of fiscal income. To solve the low fertility rate, we need to identify factors that affect childbirth, and to engage in policy related to these factors. Through literature review, I have identified several variables related to childbirth. In my analysis, I examine the effect of the following factors in particular on the childbirth rate in Primary Local government Districts: child birth celebration grant, international marriage, obstetrics and gynecology clinics. I set the childbirth celebration grant for the first child and second child, the employment rate for women, the employment rate for men, the number of international marriages, the number of marriages (excluding international marriages), the number of obstetrics and gynecology clinics and the number of daycare facilities as independent variables, and the number of childbirth s as dependent variable.
I performed multiple regression analysis, using all 152 PLGDs in DOMPs as the analysis unit, with independent variables for 2016, and dependent variables for 2017 data due to the time lag in pregnancy. The results of multiple regression analysis show that the birth celebration grant for first child, the number of international marriages, the employment rate of women, the number of obstetrics and gynecology clinics and the number of marriage s statistically significantly affect the childbirth. These results suggest that primary local governments need policy intervention in the childbirth celebration grant policy, international marriages, obstetrics and gynecology clinics, and employment rate of women to increase childbirth.
Kim, Seungmin, "A Study on the Determinants of Childbirth in Primary Local Government Districts in South Korean ‘Do’ Metro Provinces" (2019). MPA/MPP/MPFM Capstone Projects. 328.
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