Year of Publication



Martin School of Public Policy and Administration

Date Available


Committee Chair

Dr. J. S. Butler

Executive Summary

As there is a widespread perception of legislative gridlock and subsequent failure in addressing national problems in Korea, this study examines what factors influence the legislative success and legislative time of a government-proposed bill in Korea. This study uses government-proposed bills from 1988 to 2016 to estimate the effect of explanatory variables such as divided government, the year of presidential term (one to five year), the presidential approval rate, the unemployment rate, filibusters, jurisdictional area of a bill, and the ratio of members’ bills to government-proposed bills.

The results of regression analyses show that there is no evidence divided government has negatively affected legislative productivity. They also show that bills in the late years of presidential term have been less likely to be enacted relative to bills in the early years of term. In addition, bills concerned with economy have been more likely to pass through the National Assembly with less legislative time than other bills concerned with culture, health and welfare, and labor. But, the data shows that the ratio of parliamentary members’ bills to government-proposed bills has reduced legislative success with requiring more legislative time.

These results suggest that it is not necessary to revise constitutional law in order to prevent the occurrence of divided government based on legislative passage of bills. In addition, an increase in parliamentary members’ bills reduces the success of the passage of bills, but a policy response to that depends on the value of such bills.



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