An understanding of how each individual 5q chromosome critical deleted region (CDR) gene contributes to malignant transformation would foster the development of much needed targeted therapies for the treatment of therapy related myeloid neoplasms (t-MNs). Early Growth Response 1 (EGR1) is a key transcriptional regulator of myeloid differentiation located within the 5q chromosome CDR that has been shown to regulate HSC (hematopoietic stem cell) quiescence as well as the master regulator of apoptosis—p53. Since resistance to apoptosis is a hallmark of malignant transformation, we investigated the role of EGR1 in apoptosis of bone marrow cells; a cell population from which myeloid malignancies arise. We evaluated radiation induced apoptosis of Egr1+/+ and Egr1-/- bone marrow cells in vitro and in vivo. EGR1 is not required for radiation induced apoptosis of murine bone marrow cells. Neither p53 mRNA (messenger RNA) nor protein expression is regulated by EGR1 in these cells. Radiation induced apoptosis of bone marrow cells by double strand DNA breaks induced p53 activation. These results suggest EGR1 dependent signaling mechanisms do not contribute to aberrant apoptosis of malignant cells in myeloid malignancies.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
This work was supported in part by the Edward P. Evan's Foundation, the National Institutes of Health (CA 165469), and the University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center (P30CA177558).
Oben, Karine Z.; Gachuki, Beth W.; Alhakeem, Sara S.; McKenna, Mary Kathryn; Liang, Ying; St. Clair, Daret K.; Rangnekar, Vivek M.; and Bondada, Subbarao, "Radiation Induced Apoptosis of Murine Bone Marrow Cells is Independent of Early Growth Response 1 (EGR1)" (2017). Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics Faculty Publications. 94.