Year of Publication

2015

Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MSME)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Engineering

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. James M. McDonough

Second Advisor

Dr. José Graña-Otero

Abstract

A low-order discrete dynamical system (DDS) for finite-rate chemistry of H2-air combustion is derived in 3D. Fourier series with a single wavevector are employed to represent dependent variables of subgrid-scale (SGS) behaviors for applications to large-eddy simulation (LES). A Galerkin approximation is applied to the governing equations for comprising the DDS. Regime maps are employed to aid qualitative determination of useful values for bifurcation parameters of the DDS. Both isotropic and anisotropic assumptions are employed when constructing regime maps and studying bifurcation parameters sequences. For H2-air reactions, two reduced chemical mechanisms are studied via the DDS. As input to the DDS, physical quantities from experimental turbulent flow are used. Numerical solutions consisting of time series of velocities, species mass fractions, temperature, and the sum of mass fractions are analyzed. Numerical solutions are compared with experimental data at selected spatial locations within the experimental flame to check whether this model is suitable for an entire flame field. The comparisons show the DDS can mimic turbulent combustion behaviors in a qualitative sense, and the time-averaged computed results of some species are quantitatively close to experimental data.

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