Date Available


Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MSME)

Document Type

Master's Thesis




Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. David W. Herrin


Soft trim absorbing parts (i.e., headliners, backwalls, side panels, etc.) are normally comprised of different layers including films, adhesives, foams and fibers. Several approaches to determine the complex wavenumber and characteristic impedance for porous sound absorbing materials are surveyed and the advantages and disadvantages of each approach are discussed. It is concluded that the recently documented three-point method produces the smoothest results. It is also shown that measurement of the flow resistance and the use of empirical equations is sufficient for many common materials. Following this, the transfer impedance of covers, adhesives, and densified layers are measured using an impedance difference approach. The transfer matrix method was then used to predict the sound absorption of a multi-layered materal which included a perforated cover, fiber layers, and an adhesive. The predicted results agree well with measurement.