Year of Publication

2014

Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MSME)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Engineering

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Jonathan F. Wenk

Abstract

Myocardial infarctions induce a maladaptive ventricular remodeling process that independently contributes to heart failure. In order to develop effective treatments, it is necessary to understand the way and extent to which the heart undergoes remodeling over the course of healing. There have been few studies to produce any data on the in-vivo material properties of infarcts, and much less on the properties over the time course of healing. In this paper, the in-vivo passive material properties of an infarcted porcine model were estimated through a combined use of magnetic resonance imaging, catheterization, finite element modeling, and a genetic algorithm optimization scheme. The collagen fiber orientation at the epicardial and endocardial surfaces of the infarct were included in the optimization. Data from porcine hearts (N=6) were taken at various time points after infarction, specifically 1 week, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks post-MI. The optimized results shared similarities with previous studies. In particular, the infarcted region was shown to dramatically increase in stiffness at 1 week post-MI. There was also evidence of a subsequent softening of the infarcted region at later time points post infarction. Fiber orientation results varied greatly but showed a shift toward a more circumferential orientation.

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