Year of Publication

2012

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

College

Engineering

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. James McDonough

Abstract

A new approach to large-eddy simulation (LES) based on the use of explicit spatial filtering combined with backscatter forcing is presented. The forcing uses a discrete dynamical system (DDS) called the compressible ``poor man's'' Navier--Stokes (CPMNS) equations. This DDS is derived from the governing equations and is shown to exhibit good spectral and dynamical properties for use in a turbulence model. An overview and critique of existing turbulence theory and turbulence models is given. A comprehensive theoretical case is presented arguing that traditional LES equations contain unresolved scales in terms generally thought to be resolved, and that this can only be solved with explicit filtering. The CPMNS equations are then incorporated into a simple forcing in the OVERFLOW compressible flow code, and tests are done on homogeneous, isotropic, decaying turbulence, a Mach 3 compression ramp, and a Mach 0.8 open cavity. The numerical results validate the general filter-forcing approach, although they also reveal inadequacies in OVERFLOW and that the current approach is likely too simple to be universally applicable. Two new proposals for constructing better forcing models are presented at the end of the work.

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