Year of Publication

2016

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Linguistic Theory and Typology (MALTT)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Arts and Sciences

Department

Linguistic Theory & Typology

First Advisor

Dr. Edward Barrett

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between types of gestures and instances of self-initiated self-repair (SISR) used by persons with non-fluent aphasia (NFA), which is a type of aphasia characterized by stilted speech or signing (Papathanasiou et al., 2013), in interactions with clinicians. Conversation repairs in this study are assessed using the framework of Conversation Analysis (CA), which is an approach for describing, analyzing, and understanding social interaction (Sidnell, 2010). Previous linguistic studies have demonstrated a distinct preference for the use of gesture during a repair by persons with aphasia (Goodwin, 1995; Klippi, 2015; Wilkinson, 2013). This study draws more conclusive generalizations than previous studies about the types of gesture used in successful and unsuccessful SISR by persons with NFA through the use of the AphasiaBank corpus. Results show that there does not appear to be a connection between the overall frequencies of gesture used by persons with NFA during a phase of the repair mechanism as compared to other phases in the repair mechanism. Additionally, there is a slight tendency in this dataset for persons with NFA to have more successful repairs when they use gesture during the initiation and reparable portions of the repair mechanism.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.13023/ETD.2016.216

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