This report summarizes finding of a long-term evaluation of the construction and performance of asphaltic concrete and portland cement concrete shoulders. Performance was used as the basis for the development of empirical criteria that permit the use of existing pavement thickness design procedures for the structural design of shoulders. Minimum thicknesses were determined on the basis of performance and review of literature.

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The content of this report reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the University of Kentucky, the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet, nor the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. The inclusion of manufacturer names and tradenames is for identification purposes and is not to be considered an endorsement.