The objective of this research evaluation was to evaluate the reference markers which were installed on sections of interstates and freeways in the Cincinnati-northern Kentucky area, the Lexington-Fayette Urban County area, the Louisville-southern Indiana area, and the Indianapolis area. The evaluation was conducted to determine if the use of reference markers at spacings of 0.1 or 0.2-mile intervals could improve the effectiveness of the emergency response and incident management processes. Also evaluated were color of the markers and the placement location within the right-of-way. Both "'white on blue" and ''white on green" markers were installed on various projects, with some installed on the median barrier wall and some on grass medians or shoulders. Included were condition surveys of the marker installations and opinion surveys of those involved in the incident or emergency management process.
Nearly unanimous endorsement of the reference markers was received from interviews and surveys of highway agency personnel and participants in the emergency management process.
Recommendations were made for spacing of the markers at 0.2-mile intervals, with exceptions in curved sections to allow for placement of the markers at 0.1-mile intervals. Based on what appears to slightly increased conspicuity of the ''white on blue" marker as compared to the ''white on green" marker, it was recommended that a standardized reference marker be developed with white letters on blue background. Because of reduced exposure to mowing operations and errant vehicles, it was recommended that reference markers be placed on median barrier walls where practical.
Digital Object Identifier
Pigman, Jerry G., "Evaluation of Reference Markers" (1998). Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report. 364.