During the period between 1924 and 1934, in particular, numerous reinforced concrete bridges were built in Kentucky and elsewhere. Although many of them are still in service, they are some 30 years old and are showing the effects of time and weather. While it is true, of course, that they were constructed without the benefit of air-entrainment and without many present-day control practices, the influences of aggregate quality and freeze-thaw are usually apparent. The advent of the de-icing salt era, about 1940 and following World War II, introduced an additional deteriorating influence gnawing at old and new structures alike. The problem of maintaining and repairing older bridges is seriously compounded by the fact that newer bridges seem to have a relatively shorter maintenance-free life-expectancy because of the de-icing salt treatment.
Digital Object Identifier
Havens, James H., "A Discussion on the Durability of Expanded Shale Aggregate for Exposed Concrete Structures (Bridges)" (1960). Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report. 1203.