A criteria for the design and installation of reinforced concrete pipe culverts was developed by the Bureau of Public Roads in cooperation with the American Concrete Pipe Association and distributed to the various highway agencies in April, 1957, under Circular Memorandum 22-40. This criteria was developed in order to bring together and simplify methods for computing necessary pipe strengths for use under various heights of fill and provide for more effective utilization of reinforced concrete pipe for use as culverts. The memorandum also described various methods for bedding reinforced concrete pipe and outlined procedures for installation of the pipe under the various bedding conditions.
Digital Object Identifier
Hughes, Ronald D., "Second Annual Performance Survey of Reinforced Concrete Pipe Culverts" (1962). Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report. 1200.