Map and Chart--KGS


Cumberland Gap National Historical Park is located in parts of Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee. The park was authorized by President Franklin Roosevelt on June 11, 1940, and is now the largest historical park in the National Park System. It contains 24,000 acres along Cumberland Mountain near Ewing, Va., proceeding southwest toward Fern Lake in Tennessee, a distance of approximately 20 miles. The average width of the park is only 1.6 miles.

The park hosts a distinctive range of geologic processes and features. Unique structural geology, caves and karst, surface and groundwater erosion, and mass wasting are just a few of the processes that shape the scenic landscape of the park. This publication illustrates the relationship between the geology of Cumberland Gap and the historical and cultural issues that are important to the park and its visitors. It is intended for park visitors, educators, park staff, and anyone interested in the geology of Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. It was produced using digital geologic mapping and geographic information system technology, which also help the National Park Service with resource management and meeting federal mandates, while also providing informative perspectives that are valuable to all citizens who enjoy national parks. For more information, please visit the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Web site at To obtain digital geologic and other GIS data, visit the National Park Service Data Portal at nrinfo.nps.govtReference.mvc/Search.

Publication Date



Series XII

Report Number

Map and Chart 199

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


© 2011, University of Kentucky, Kentucky Geological Survey

Cartography by Terry Hounshell

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Geology Commons