Year of Publication
Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MSME)
Dr. Jamey D. Jacob
The flow field around a low pressure turbine (LPT) blade cascade model with and without flow control is examined using ejector nozzle (EN) and vortex generator jet (VGJ) geometries for separation control. The cascade model consists of 6 Pak-B Pratt andamp; Whitney low pressure turbine blades with Re = 30,000-50,000 at a free-stream turbulence intensity of 0.6%. The EN geometry consists of combined suction and blowing slots near the point of separation. The VGJs consist of a row of holes placed at an angle to the free-stream, and are tested at two locations of 69% and 10.5% of the suction surface length (SSL). Results are compared between flow control on and flow control off states, as well as between the EN, VGJs, and a baseline cascade with no flow control geometry for steady and pulsatile blowing. The EN geometry is shown to control separation with both steady and pulsatile blowing. The VGJs at 69% SSL are shown to be much more aggressive than the EN geometry, achieving the same level of separation control with lower energy input. Pulsed VGJs (PVGJ) have been shown to be just as effective as steady VGJs, and results show that a 10% duty cycle is almost as effective as a 50% duty cycle. The VGJs at 10.5% SSL are shown to be inefficient at controlling separation. No combination of duty cycle and pulsing frequency tested can eliminate the separation region, with only higher steady blowing rates achieving separation control. Thus, the VGJs at 69% SSL are shown to be the most effective in controlling separation.
McQuilling, Mark, "EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF ACTIVE SEPARATION FLOW CONTROL IN A LOW PRESSURE TURBINE BLADE CASCADE MODEL" (2004). University of Kentucky Master's Theses. 320.