Date Available


Year of Publication


Document Type





Civil Engineering

First Advisor

Srinivasa Lingireddy


Surge modeling is a tool used by engineers and utility owners in determining the surge pressures or transients that may result from routine pump and valve operations. Recent surge modeling work has focused on low and/or negative pressures within water distribution systems and how those occurrences could lead to intrusions. Effective surge modeling is needed in order to determine if the intrusion potential exists and what mitigation is needed to prevent intrusions. This work focuses on the generally unexplored area of using surge models to predict the location and duration of transient induced low and/or negative pressures within large complex water distribution systems. The studied system serves 350,000 people in the southeast United States, has 65 MGD of pumping capacity at two treatment plants, over 1500 miles of main and 12 storage tanks. This work focuses on the correlation between field data and the surge model using the author's extensive operational knowledge of the system, access to real-time SCADA data, and different celerity or wave speed values. This work also traces the steps taken by the author to locate areas within the system that experienced transient induced low and / or negative pressure.