Date Available


Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Document Type



Arts and Sciences


Earth and Environmental Sciences (Geology)

First Advisor

Dr. Alan E. Fryar


Currently, bacterial movement in karst aquifers is not well understood. Use of stable isotopes to label non-pathogenic Escherichia coli as a particulate groundwater tracer in karst systems has been examined in previous studies. Loss of the stable isotope signal is anticipated in traces greater than 500 m in length. Potential loss of 15N due to predation by protozoa was examined. Filter-sterilized water from Royal Spring in Georgetown, Kentucky, was inoculated with a mixture of either Tetrahymena pyriformis or Colpoda steinii and 15N-enriched E. coli and stored in the dark at 14°C. Samples were analyzed for their nitrogen isotope composition (as δ15N values), and for population counts of bacteria and protozoa in a time course experiment, on days zero and seven after inoculation. Protozoan populations increased in the presence of E. coli, while bacterial populations decreased. δ15N values increased in T. pyriformis fed enriched E. coli but did not show values as high as the bacteria themselves, indicating that attenuation via predation may be a concern in future groundwater traces.