Date Available


Year of Publication


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type





Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. YuMing Zhang


Quasi-keyhole, including plasma keyhole and double-sided welding, is a novel approach proposed to operate the keyhole arc welding process. It can result in a high quality weld, but also raise higher demand of the operator. A computer control system to detect the keyhole and control the arc current can improve the performance of the welding process. To this effect, developing automatic pipe welding, instead of manual welding, is a hot research topic in the welding field.

The objective of this research is to design an automatic quasi-keyhole pipe welding system that can monitor the keyhole and control its establishment time to track the reference trajectory as the dynamic behavior of welding processes changes. For this reason, an automatic plasma welding system is proposed, in which an additional electrode is added on the back side of the workpiece to detect the keyhole, as well as to provide the double-side arc in the double-sided arc welding mode. In the automatic pipe welding system the arc current can be controlled by the computer controller.

Based on the designed automatic plasma pipe welding system, two kinds of model predictive controller − linear and bilinear − are developed, and an optimal algorithm is designed to optimize the keyhole weld process. The result of the proposed approach has been verified by using both linear and bilinear model structures in the quasi-keyhole plasma welding (QKPW) process experiments, both in normal plasma keyhole and double-sided arc welding modes.



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