Year of Publication


Document Type





Veterinary Science

First Advisor

Thomas M. Chambers


Like the majority of host cell mRNAs, the mRNAs of influenza virus are capped and polyadenylated. The NS1 protein of influenza has been implicated as a translational activator for both influenza and reporter gene mRNAs. Data is presented showing that influenza A virus infection resulted in an increased ratio of cap-dependent to cap-independent translation. This ratio increase was largely due to an increase in cap-dependent translation. These experiments employed a bicistronic reporter construct measuring cap-dependent and cap-independent translation in a single sample. Expression of NS1 alone resulted in a small, but reproducible increase in the ratio of cap-dependent to cap-independent translation. Additionally, with use of an NS1 deleted mutant influenza A virus (delNS1) it is shown that infection without NS1 expression produced less of a translation ratio increase compared to wild-type virus infection. Furthermore, expression of NS1 rescued a more wild-type ratio increase in delNS1 infected Vero cells. These results implicate NS1 as playing a role in increasing the ratio of cap-dependent to cap-independent translation in influenza A virus infected cells. Additionally, eIF4E-binding protein-1 (4E-BP1), a member of the protein family that inhibits cap-dependent translation through their inhibition of the cap-binding protein, eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E), is shown to be inactivated throughout the majority of the influenza A virus infection process.