The PKK in Turkey shows transnational, violent non-state actors operate in weak states for a number of reasons. The most prevalent of these is the host state’s inability to sustain the basic requirement of statehood.
"Wide Open Spaces: The PKK Shows Violent Non-State Actors Need More Than Weak Governance to Thrive,"
Ex-Patt Magazine: Vol. 1, Article 7.
Available at: https://uknowledge.uky.edu/ex-patt/vol1/iss1/7