Date Available


Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)

Document Type

Master's Thesis




Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology

First Advisor

Dr. Ellen L. Usher


Learning environment research has typically focused on factors other than the physical environment (e.g., student/teacher relationships, organizational structure). This study investigated the relationship between the physical classroom environment and entry-level undergraduate statistics students’ (N = 844) academic beliefs and performance. Students were taught in either a technology-enhanced active learning classroom or a traditional lecture hall. This study investigated how undergraduate students in an entry level statistics course a) perceived the importance of the physical learning environment, b) conveyed expectations for and experiences of active engagement within that environment, and c) self-reported their personal capability judgments. Data were analyzed by examining mean differences, correlations, and regression. The nested data structure was accounted for using hierarchical linear modeling. Results indicated that, at the end of the semester, students rated the physical learning space as less important to their learning than they did at the beginning, although perceived importance was not influenced by classroom setting. The relationship between classroom type and active engagement expectation/experience offered mix results. Students learning in traditional classrooms reported higher statistics self-efficacy than did those in technology-enhanced statistics classrooms. End-of-course statistics self-efficacy was significantly related to grades earned.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)