Finite control set model predictive control (FCS-MPC) has been widely studied and applied to the power converters and motor drives. It provides the power electronics system with fast dynamic response, nonlinear system formulation, and flexible objectives and constraints integration. However, its variable switching frequency feature also induces severe concerns on the power loss, the thermal profile, and the filter design. Stemming from these concerns, this article investigates the variable switching frequency characteristics of FCS-MPC on the grid-connected inverters. An intuitive relationship between the switching frequency and the magnitude of the converter output voltage is proposed through the geometry analysis, where the switching frequency is maximized when the converter output voltage is around one-third of the DC bus voltage and decreasing when the output voltage moves away from this value. The impacts of this variable switching frequency property on the power loss and current harmonics are also analyzed. Simulation and experimental results both verify the proposed property. With this intrinsic property, FCS-MPC can autonomously achieve a less-varying temperature profile of power modules and an improved reliability compared with the conventional control strategy.

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Published in IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications, v. 2.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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This work was supported by the North Carolina Renewable Ocean Energy Program, administered by the Coastal Studies Institute.