Year of Publication

2014

Degree Name

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Engineering

Department

Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Aaron Cramer

Abstract

The shortage of clean water has become a significant global problem, and capacitive deionization (CDI) is a technology that can be used to help relieve the problem. A Ćuk converter system that can recover energy from CDI cells is described. This converter transfers energy between two CDI cells when a cell is in its desorption period, allowing energy that would otherwise be lost to be recovered and improving overall system efficiency. In order to control the states of the MOSFET switches in the converter, a self boost charge pump is used. In this way, the microcontroller can control system duty cycle and optimize energy efficiency. A design method of reducing ripple losses caused by passive elements is presented. Several sensor circuits and their design methods that can minimize power losses are shown. The influence of initial voltage drop and voltage ramp time is also examined. This Ćuk converter system is tested using a dummy cell and a real CDI cell. The converter system shows promising performance experimentally.

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