Year of Publication

2019

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

College

Engineering

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Dr. Jinze Liu

Abstract

Technological advances in next-generation sequencing and biomedical imaging have led to a rapid increase in biomedical data dimension and acquisition rate, which is challenging the conventional data analysis strategies. Modern machine learning techniques promise to leverage large data sets for finding hidden patterns within them, and for making accurate predictions. This dissertation aims to design novel machine learning-based models to transform biomedical big data into valuable biological insights. The research presented in this dissertation focuses on three bioinformatics domains: splice junction classification, gene regulatory network reconstruction, and lesion detection in mammograms.

A critical step in defining gene structures and mRNA transcript variants is to accurately identify splice junctions. In the first work, we built the first deep learning-based splice junction classifier, DeepSplice. It outperforms the state-of-the-art classification tools in terms of both classification accuracy and computational efficiency. To uncover transcription factors governing metabolic reprogramming in non-small-cell lung cancer patients, we developed TFmeta, a machine learning approach to reconstruct relationships between transcription factors and their target genes in the second work. Our approach achieves the best performance on benchmark data sets. In the third work, we designed deep learning-based architectures to perform lesion detection in both 2D and 3D whole mammogram images.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.13023/etd.2019.261

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