Author ORCID Identifier

Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Document Type

Master's Thesis




Computer Science

First Advisor

Dr. Ramakanth Kavuluru


A “biomedical event” is a broad term used to describe the roles and interactions between entities (such as proteins, genes and cells) in a biological system. The task of biomedical event extraction aims at identifying and extracting these events from unstructured texts. An important component in the early stage of the task is biomedical trigger classification which involves identifying and classifying words/phrases that indicate an event. In this thesis, we present our work on biomedical trigger classification developed using the multi-level event extraction dataset. We restrict the scope of our classification to 19 biomedical event types grouped under four broad categories - Anatomical, Molecular, General and Planned. While most of the existing approaches are based on traditional machine learning algorithms which require extensive feature engineering, our model relies on neural networks to implicitly learn important features directly from the text. We use natural language processing techniques to transform the text into vectorized inputs that can be used in a neural network architecture. As per our knowledge, this is the first time neural attention strategies are being explored in the area of biomedical trigger classification. Our best results were obtained from an ensemble of 50 models which produced a micro F-score of 79.82%, an improvement of 1.3% over the previous best score.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)