Concussion Perceptions and Reporting Behaviors by Individual and Team Sport Participation Among Female DIII Student-Athletes
Year of Publication
Master of Public Health (M.P.H.)
Kimberly Tumlin, PhD, MS, MPH
Erin Abner, PhD
Dana Quesinberry, JD, DrPH
Purpose. This study aimed to analyze differences between individual and team sport participation and academic year on perception of concussion and reporting behaviors.
Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted using original data from the Perceptions and Likeliness to Report Concussions in Collegiate Athletes survey distributed to student-athletes from April 2021 to December 2022. The study population was restricted to current residents of the United States, current enrollment in college or university, female-identifying, and between the ages of 18 and 24, yielding a final population of 135 for analysis. Statistical frequency analyses were obtained, then stratified by team and individual sport type and academic year. Bivariate analyses were used to determine the relationship between perception and reporting behavior scale scores across individual and team sport participation and academic year.
Results. There was no significant difference in perception and reporting behavior scales across individual and team sport participation (p = .5461, 95 %CI [-0.1668, 0.0886], and p = .0923, 95% CI [-0.3457, .0266], respectively). A significant difference in perception scores was found across academic years (F (5, 126) = 2.259, p = .0525), with Tukey HSD indicating a significant difference between first year and graduate year and second year and graduate year (p = .0420, p = .0155, respectively). No significant difference was found in reporting behavior scores across academic years (p= 0.708).
Conclusion. Results indicated no significant difference in perception or reporting behavior scores across individual and team sport participation. Further, perception scores across academic years were significantly different, with most of the difference accounted for between first and second years compared to graduate year. However, this significant difference should be interpreted with caution due to the small number of respondents at the graduate level. No significant difference was found in reporting behavior scores across academic year. Future studies are necessary to address different student-athlete populations.
Stewart, Bethany L., "Concussion Perceptions and Reporting Behaviors by Individual and Team Sport Participation Among Female DIII Student-Athletes" (2023). Theses and Dissertations--Public Health (M.P.H. & Dr.P.H.). 391.
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