Year of Publication

2018

College

Public Health

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (M.P.H.)

Committee Chair

Dr. Angela Carman

Committee Member

Dr. Robin Vanderpool

Committee Member

Dr. Kathryn Cardarelli

Abstract

Diabetes is a chronic communicable disease that is projected by 2030 to be the seventh leading cause of death worldwide. In Mongolia diabetes and cardiovascular disease are the number one reason for disability-adjusted life years and trends of diabetes is starting to be observed in the poorer populations. Diabetes in countries like Mongolia are extremely costly to treat using insulin, costing $200 USD per month while the average annual income sits only at $1,466.85 USD. Mongolia has a total population of 2,959,000 and half of its population resides in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. 60% of residents in capital live in an area called the Ger District that surrounds the urbanized areas. The ger district lacks access to water, electricity and has an unemployment rate of 60%. Based on the KAPs survey the average Mongolian does not know what diabetes is or how it can be prevented. To help address the increasing prevalence of diabetes and lack of knowledge in Mongolia the Flourishing Futures NGO community centers is proposing the implementation of the Microclinic International Social Network Behavioral Health Intervention program. his program uses social relationships to prevent and manage diseases like diabetes, obesity, and HIV/ Aids. A Microclinic itself is not a solid building or a particular place but is made up of a person’s social network or family. Research has demonstrated that this program effectively reduces blood glucose levels and has been used in several low-income countries like Jordan and Kenya. Through implementing this program, Flourishing Futures aims to reduce risk factors associated with diabetes and increase knowledge on what diabetes is and how it can be prevented in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

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