In this study, Al-1.00 Mg-0.65 Si-0.24 Cu alloy was solution heat-treated, water-quenched, and then pre-deformed for 5% before aging. The peak hardness and yield strength of the pre-deformed sample with subsequent artificial aging were similar to that of a T6 condition sample. It was also found that the pre-deformation treatment could inhibit the negative influence of natural aging to some degree. After seven days of natural aging, the pre-deformed sample obtained better peak hardness and yield strength upon artificial aging than the sample without pre-deformation. In addition, the pre-deformation treatment could reduce 50% of the artificial aging time to reach the peak aging condition compared with T6 treatment. For the peak aged condition in the pre-deformed sample, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation found two types of precipitates exhibited along the dislocations besides the β″ precipitates in the Al matrix. Both precipitates had disordered atomic arrangements on the ordered subcell (Si network). The disordered precipitates occupied a number of Mg and Si atoms, resulting in less β″ precipitates formed during artificial aging at 180 °C.

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Published in Materials, v. 11, issue 8, 1422, p. 1-11.

© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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The authors acknowledge the financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51674124), from the China Scholarship Council (No. 201706150053).