Year of Publication

2012

Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemical Engineering (MSChE)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Engineering

Department

Chemical and Materials Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Kimberly Anderson

Abstract

Previous studies have provided evidence that endothelial cell-based potassium ion selective electrodes possess the ability to quantify substances that have permeability-altering effects on those endothelial cells. The capability of these so-called biosensors to detect elevated concentrations of certain chemical agents found following tumor formation make them useful in the application as an alternative tumor angiogenesis assay. In this study an epithelial cell line, human colon adenocarcinoma epithelial cells (Caco-2), was used to fabricate membranes that were used to test concentrations of these chemical agents, known as cytokines, mimicking the concentrations that have been observed in the serum of healthy individuals as well as the higher concentration found in individuals with cancer. Additionally background information is provided related to the development of whole cell-based biosensors, metabolic pathways related to tumor angiogenesis and the subsequent increase in cytokine concentration, properties of the Caco-2 cell line that make them useful for the application in cell-based biosensors, and the ultimate effect the cytokines have on the permeability of the cells.

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