Year of Publication

2016

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

College

Arts and Sciences

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Dr. Beth S. Guiton

Abstract

Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is a powerful tool for studying solidstate crystalline systems. With the advances in aberration correction, monochromation, and in situ capabilities, these microscopes are now more useful for addressing fundamental materials chemistry problems than ever before. This dissertation will illustrate the ways in which I have been using high-resolution imaging and in situ heating in the TEM during my Ph.D. research to investigate unique solid state chemistry questions.

This dissertation will focus on four unique crystal systems: thermoelectric skutterudite crystals, vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) grown nanowires, and hafnium dioxide nanorods. Although these systems are very different from one another, high resolution and/or in situ heating in TEM is an integral part of each study. Through these techniques, we gain insight and knowledge of these systems that may have gone unknown through different analysis techniques. The experiments I will describe in some cases provide surprising and unexpected results that arise from the nanoscale nature of the materials and would be difficult to observe through bulk analytical methods. The work presented here helps to demonstrate the strength and versatility of TEM to address solid state chemistry questions.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.13023/ETD.2016.356

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