Year of Publication

2013

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

College

Arts and Sciences

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Dr. Mark A. Lovell

Abstract

Previous studies from our laboratory and others show a significant increase in levels of both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA and RNA oxidation in vulnerable brain regions in the progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Although total DNA oxidation is increased in AD it remains unclear whether oxidative damage is widespread throughout the genome or is concentrated to specific genes. To test the hypothesis that specific genes are more highly oxidized in the progression of AD, we propose to quantify the percent oxidative damage in genes coding for proteins shown to be altered in the progression of AD using quantitative/real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR/ RT-PCR). To further test the hypothesis that diminished DNA repair capacity in the progression of AD contributes to increased DNA oxidation we will use custom PCR arrays and qPCR, Western blot analysis and activity assays to quantify changes in enzymes involved in base excision repair (BER).

In order to carry out these studies tissue specimens from superior and middle temporal gyri (SMTG) and inferior parietal lobe (IP), as well as, a non-vulnerable region, the cerebellum (CER) will be analyzed from normal control (NC) subjects and subjects throughout the progression of AD including those with preclinical AD (PCAD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and late stage AD (LAD). We will also analyze specimens from diseased control subjects (DC; Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)) to determine if the changes we observe in AD are specific.

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