Year of Publication

2012

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Arts and Sciences

Department

Biology

First Advisor

Dr. John Rawls

Abstract

Inactive mutants of the ped gene cause two phenotypes in Drosophila melanogaster: male sterility and the early translation of DHODH within spermatogenesis. Investigation of the PED amino acid sequence revealed an OTU domain and an ubiquitin interacting motif, suggesting that it is a member of the otubain sub-family of de-ubiqutinating enzymes. To test this, the putative active cysteine residue was mutated. Results show that this single cysteine residue is required for ped to confer male fertility. Purified wild type PED was also used to carry out in vitro deubiquitinating assays. These assays failed to show any ability for PED to cut ubiquitin chains of varying length or linkage type. Previously, a translational control element was identified in dhod mRNA which is required for its early translation phenotype in ped mutants. In an attempt to identify additional transcripts that have their translational timing affected by PED, the don juan-like 5′ UTR was inserted into a reporter gene and examined in a ped mutant background. No delay of this reporter gene was observed suggesting that don juan-like mRNA is not under the exact control pathway that dhod is.

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Biology Commons

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