Criminological research has tended to consider employment in a dichotomy of employed versus unemployed. The current research examines a sample of individuals 1-year post-release to assess the extent to which four distinct employment categories (full-time, part-time, disabled, and unemployed) are associated with reincarceration and days remaining in the community. Findings indicate disabled individuals remain in the community longer and at a higher proportion compared with other employment categories. Furthermore, unique protective and risk factors are found to be associated with each employment category while some risk factors (e.g., homelessness) highlight the importance of addressing reentry barriers regardless as to employment status.

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Published in International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, v. 63, issue 5.

Per the journal publisher's archiving and sharing policy:

Bunting, A. M., Staton, M., Winston, E., & Pangburn, K. (2019). Beyond the employment dichotomy: An examination of recidivism and days remaining in the community by post-release employment status. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 63(5), 712-733. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X18808685

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