India Through the Eyes of Ellen Churchill Semple



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Ceremonial conveyance (also known as Ratha) made from wood with wooden wheels. The Ratha may be pulled by horses or elephants (shown here being pulled by a bull) or manually. Ratha are used for Rathoutsava (car festival) by Hindu temples in the South of India where deities are driven through the streets accompanied by chants from the spectators.

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Special Collections Research Center, University of Kentucky Libraries

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