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The Codex Aubin is a colonial period text bound in the European style. One of several central Mexican annals of the period, it offers a year-by-year account of the twelfth-century wanderings of the of Aztec tribes from their homeland in Aztlan, the imperial history of Tenochtitlan, and the events of the Spanish Conquest up to the arrival of a new viceroy and archbishop to Mexico City in 1607-1608. In Mesoamerican calendars, years could only begin on one of four of the twenty named days in the 260-day calendar, and the combination of that day name with the day’s number from one to thirteen specified the year within a 52-year Calendar Round. The red blocks on the left-hand side of the page contain the year-beginning dates, 11 Flint Knife, 12 House, 13 Rabbit, read from top to bottom. The Nahuatl language entry for the last year on the page, 1 Reed (A.D. 1519), records the arrival of the Spanish in their three-masted ship. On the facing page, an Aztec and a Spanish warrior brandish weapons in front of the twin temples of the Aztec Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlan.


Leibsohn, Diana (2006) “Aubin, Codex.” in In David Carrasco, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures: The Civilizations of Mexico and Central America. Electronic Resource,

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.