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Americans are often accused of not appreciating history, but this charge belies the real popular interest in the past. Historical reenactments draw thousands of spectators; popular histories fill the bestseller lists; PBS, A&E and The History Channel air a dizzying array of documentaries and historical dramas; and Hollywood war movies become blockbusters.

Though historians worry that these popular representations sacrifice authenticity for broad appeal, Michael C.C. Adams argues that living history—even if it is an incomplete depiction of the past—plays a vital role in stimulating the historical imagination. In Echoes of War, he examines how one of the most popular fields of history is portrayed, embraced, and shaped by mainstream culture.

Adams argues that symbols of war are of intrinsic military significance and help people to articulate ideas and values. We still return to the knight as a symbol of noble striving; the bowman appeals as a rebel against unjust privilege. Though Custer may not have been the Army’s most accomplished fighter, he achieved the status of cultural icon. The public memory of the redcoated British regular soldier shaped American attitudes toward governments and gun laws. The 1863 attack on Fort Wagner by the black Fifty-fourth Massachusetts regiment was lost to public view until racial equality became important in the late twentieth century.

Echoes of War is a unique look at how a thousand years of military history are remembered in popular culture, through images ranging from the medieval knight to the horror of U.S. involvement in the My Lai massacre.

Michael C.C. Adams, Regents Professor of history and Director of the Military history Program at Northern Kentucky University, is the author of several books.

"Adams is a fine, spirited writer whose thoughtful book demythologizes the military mindset in American popular culture. He exposes the selectivity of history memory, showing how each generation imposes its own moral judgment on military encounters. We ultimately learn a great deal about American’s inseparable obsessions: trying to explain violence while endlessly yearning for peace."—Andrew Burstein

"Refutes the idea that Americans do not appreciate history by pointing to reenactors, museums, television programs, and movies, among other things."—Choice

"Professor Adams’ unique and brilliant study shows us how a key military event in a war—Pickett’s charge, for instance—is transformed by the various popular culture media into an ideal image of war itself. Ironically, defeat—the Alamo, the Charge of the Light Brigade, Custer’s Last Stand—casts the most powerful, lingering spell. Adams is an historian not of battlefield strategy but of the public consciousness with which a people go to battle."—David Madden

"Adams helps us understand why the public is irresistibly drawn to the subject of warfare, and in this sophisticated treatment of popular culture, he reminds us that military history offers meaningful interpretive opportunities to explore larger social and political issues."—Public Historian

Publication Date



The University Press of Kentucky

Place of Publication

Lexington, KY






Military history, History of war, Technology and civilization


Military History

Echoes of War: A Thousand Years of Military History in Popular Culture
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