Against the backdrop of national health care reform and Kentucky’s physician shortage, this study examined the impact of community health workers (specifically, Kentucky Homeplace) on health disparities in rural, medically underserved areas. Among the conclusions are that community health workers can increase the ability of indigent residents to access health care services and their compliance with physicians’ orders.

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Presented at the AAMC’s Physician Workforce Research Conference, May 5-6, 2011 in National Harbor, MD; and at the Kentucky Rural Health Association’s 13th Annual Conference, July 21-22, 2011 in Bowling Green, KY.